Disclaimer: All of the following are either direct quotes or paraphrasing of excerpts
from A Guide to Middle Earth by Robert Foster.

Hash-marked# names are characters present/mentioned in the Hobbit movies.
*Asterisked names are characters present/mentioned in the LotR movies.

| 1st Age | *2nd Age | *3rd Age# | *4th Age |
| *War of the Ring | *Company of the Ring |

| *Dagorlad | War of the Dwarves and Orcs# | Five Armies# |
| *Hornburg | *Siege of Gondor | *Pelennor | *Army of the West |


First Age:

Also called the Eldar Days. First recorded age of Middle-earth, beginning when the Eldar left Middle-earth for Eldamar and ending with the overthrow of Morgoth. During this age, the War of the Great Jewels was fought, and evil creatures such as the Orcs and the Trolls were first bred.

*Second Age:

Began with the overthrow of Morgoth and ended with the first overthrow of Sauron in 3441. For much of this age, Sauron controlled large parts of Middle-earth. Men were killed or enslaved, and the Elves and Dwarves hid. The Rings of Power were forged during the Second Age, and the Dúnedain realms of Gondor and Arnor were founded.

*Third Age#:

The Third Age began with the first downfall of Sauron and the death of Gil-Galad. It ended with the War of the Ring, the second and final downfall of Sauron, and the Last Riding of the Keepers of the Rings in 3021, in which the greatest of the Eldar departed over the sea. During this age, Men increased in power and numbers, while the Elves and Dwarves were present but did little new.

*Fourth Age:

The Age of the Dominion of Men. This age began with the downfall of Sauron and the passing of the Three Rings and their Keepers over the sea in Third Age 3021. During this age, most of the remaining Elves passed over the sea, and those non-Mannish races that remained dwindled and hid.

*War of the Ring:

The great war fought at the end of the Third Age between Sauron and the Free Peoples, the subject of the Lord of the Rings. In the War, Sauron was overthrown for the final time and the One Ring was destroyed.

*Company of the Ring:

The company of Free Peoples which accompanied Frodo Baggins on the first stage of the Quest of Mount Doom. The Company was composed of Frodo, Sam Gamgee, Peregrin Took, and Merry Brandybuck, representing Hobbits, Aragorn II and Boromir, representing Men, Legolas, representing Elves, Gimli, representing Dwarves, and Gandalf. There were nine Companions, matching the nine Nazgûl whom they were opposing.

*Battle of Dagorlad:

Battle fought in Second Age 3434 between the forces of the Last Alliance, led by Gil-Galad and Elendil, and the armies of Sauron. The battle lasted for months, and many of the graves of the slain were later engulfed by the Dead Marshes.

War of the Dwarves and Orcs#:

War fought from Third Age 2793 to 2799 between the Orcs of the Misty Mountains and the Dwarves, especially Durin's folk. The war began when Azog murdered and defiled Thrór in 2790. The war ended with the Battle of Azanulbizar in Moria. With the aid of Dáin and the Dwarves of the Iron Hills, the Orcs were defeated and Azog was killed, making the Misty Mountains safer for over 100 years.

Battle of the Five Armies#:

Fought on and around Erebor in the Third Age. One side consisted of the Men of Esgaroth and Dale (led by Bard), the Elves of Northern Mirkwood (led by Thranduil), and the Dwarves of Erebor (led by Thorin II) and of the Iron Hills (led by Dáin Ironfoot). A large army of Orcs and Wargs of the Misty Mountains (led by Bolg) comprised the other side. Gandalf and Bilbo were also present. The Dwarves, Elves, and Men won, but during the battle, Thorin II was slain.

*Battle of the Hornburg:

Battle of the War of the Ring, fought on March 3-4, Third Age 3019, between Saruman's army of Dunlendings and Orcs, and the Rohirrim, led by Théoden and Éomer. The Rohirrim, plus Aragorn, Gimli, and Legolas, were beseiged in Helm's Deep by the invaders, who tried unsuccessfully to breach the defenses (while the gate of the Hornburg was broken, they were unable to enter inside). At dawn, the Rohirrim rode forth and, with the arrival of Erkenbrand's army (and Gandalf) and Huorns sent to the battle by the Ents of Fangorn, Saruman's army was trapped and defeated.

*Siege of Gondor:

The siege of Minas Tirith during the War of the Ring, lasted from March 13 to March 15. The siege began when the army of the Lord of the Nazgûl drove the forces of Gondor into Minas Tirith. Catapults set the first level of the city on fire. The siege ended after the Lord of the Nazgûl broke the Great Gates, when the Rohirrim arrived, and the Battle of the Pelennor Fields began.

*Battle of the Pelennor Fields:

The greatest battle of the War of the Ring and of the Third Age, fought between the armies of Sauron and the forces of Minas Tirith. Sauron's armies consisted of 30,000 Haradrim and a large number of Easterlings, Variags, and Orcs, led by the Lord of the Nazgûl. The forces of Minas Tirith were aided by 3,000-4,000 men from the southern fiefs, the forces of Osgiliath and Ithilien, and 6,000 Riders of Rohan. Before dawn, the Lord of the Nazgûl broke the great gates of Minas Tirith, but the arrival of the Rohirrim prevented him from entering the city. The Lord of the Nazgûl slew Théoden, but was then killed by Éowyn and Merry. The battle was in favor of Sauron's armies until the arrival of Aragorn at noon with a great fleet of ships from Southern Gondor. By sunset, all the invaders had been killed or driven away.

*Army of the West:

Men of Gondor and Rohan, led by Aragorn, Gandalf, Éomer, and Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth. The purpose of this small army was to divert Sauron's attention away from Frodo. When the Ring (and therefore Sauron's power) was destroyed, the Army of the West achieved victory over Sauron's now-leaderless forces. Marching with the Army were Beregond, Elladan and Elrohir (Elrond's sons), Legolas, Gimli, and Pippin. Merry, injured during his attack on the Lord of the Nazgûl, did not participate.


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